Texas Tech University

4th Triennial Vietnam Symposium

Lubbock Civic Center

11-13 April 2002

Thursday, 11 April

8:30 a.m. Dr. David Schmidly, President of Texas Tech University, opens symposium


8:45 a.m. Plenary Session 1 Views from Hanoi

Introduction: Dr. Keith W. Taylor, Cornell University

SRV Counselor of State Luu Van Loi


9:30 a.m. Plenary Session 2 A View from Saigon

Introduction: Dr. James R. Reckner, Texas Tech University

Former RVN Prime Minister General Nguyen Khanh


10:30 a.m. Plenary Session 3: Paris Peace Accords & After

Introduction: Dr. Charles Neu, Brown University

"The Road to Capitulation, 1973-1975." Ambassador Wolf J. Lehmann

"The Myths and Realities of the Wars in Vietnam." Ambassador Nguyen Xuan Phong, former RVN Minister of State in Charge of Negotiations, author of Hope and Vanquished Reality, Xlibris, 2002


Luncheon speaker: Colonel Sothy Phan, speaking on behalf of Senator Nhek Bun Chhay, 2nd Vice President of the Cambodian Senate, and former Chief of Staff of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces.


1:30 p.m. Session 4a: "The War Next Door: Laos, Vietnam and Agendas for the Little Kingdom" Room 107

Introduction: Dr. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, Independent Scholar

"Vietnam and Its Relationship with Laos: Intervention, Colonization, or What?" Dr. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, author of Tragic Mountains

"The Elephant in the Corner of the room Wrapped in Red Tape: Researching War-Time Laos-Vietnam Relations in Hanoi." Dr. Richard Verrone, Texas Tech University


1:30 p.m. Session 4b: Post-War issues I Room 108-9

Introduction: Dr. Donald R. Walker, Texas Tech University

"Impact of the Vietnam War on South Korean Culture and Economic Development." Dr. Choi, Dong-ju, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea, & Mr. Ted Engelmann, Independent Scholar.

"Amerasians: Their Citizenship and Deportation Issues." Mr. Bernard Nguyen, President, American Legal Support Services, Dallas.


1:30 p.m. Session 4c: Reassessments Room 104-5

Introduction: Dr. Patricia Pelley, Texas Tech University

"Re-Evaluating Ngo Dinh Diem." Dr. Keith W. Taylor, Cornell University

"Constructing the Labyrinth: An Assessment of Early US Policy in Vietnam." Mr. Richard Allen, Cal. State, Stanislaus

"A Confirmed Cold Warrior?: Lyndon Johnson and the Decision to Escalate in Vietnam." Dr. John Schneider, UT, San Antonio


3:15 p.m. Session 5a: Movement of Personnel & Supplies via the South China Sea Room 104-5

Introduction: Dr. Edward Marolda, Naval Historical Center, Wash., DC

"The Maritime Ho Chi Minh Trail and the Wars for Vietnam, 1945- 1975," Dr. Christopher Goscha, University of Lyon, France.

"Operation Passage to Freedom, 1954." Dr. Ron Frankum, Director, Vietnam Archive, Texas Tech University.

"Polish & Soviet Bloc Maritime Support for the Northward Redeployment of Viet Minh, 1954." Captain Adrzej Makowski and Lt. Cdr. Krzysztof Kubiak, Polish Navy, Polish Navy Command & Staff Institute, Gdynia


3:15 p.m. Session 5b: Post-War Issues II Room 107

Introduction: Dr. James R. Reckner, Texas Tech University

"Re-Education in Postwar Vietnam." Col. Ed Metzner, author "Vietnam's Quest for a 'Vietnamese-Style Solution' in the Post-Cold War Period." Dr. Grace Cheng, Hawaii Pacific University

"Vietnam, China and Land Concessions," Aloysius Duy-Hung Hoang, Independent Researcher


3:15 p.m. Session 5c: American Women at War . . . And After Room 108-9

Introduction: Mrs. Mary Ann Harrison, Vietnam Center Advisory Board

Kathleen Fennell, Sharon Ann Lane Memorial Medical Center

Lynne Hudson, Texas Tech Health Sciences Center


3:15 p.m. Session 5d: Early Issues Room 111-2

Introduction: Dr. Earl H. Tilford

"A Small Hint of Revolution: The Nghe-Tinh Uprising and the American Response to Communism in Indochina, 1930-35." Dr. Steve Potts, Minnesota State University Mankato & Hibbing Community Coll..

"Colonel Edward Geary Lansdale and the Saigon Military Mission: The CIA in Vietnam, 1954-1955," Kevin J. Coy, Youngstown State University

"The RAND Interviews, South Vietnam, 1964 through 1968." Mike McNair, Texas Tech University

Friday, 12 April

8:45 a.m. Session 6a: Vietnam Veteran Activism Room 107

Introduction: Mr. Gerald Nicosia, author, Home to War: A History of the Vietnam Veterans' Movement.


Dr. Wilbur Scott, Chair, Dept. of Sociology, University of Oklahoma

Mr. John Terzano, Vice President, Vietnam Veterans Association Foundation

Mr. John Kniffin, former member, Vietnam Veterans Against the War


8:45 a.m. Session 6b: Combat Medicine and the Aeromedevac Experience, I Room 108-9


John A. Buesseler, MD, MSBA, Col. MC/SF and SFS, USA (Ret)

Robert L. Ordoñez, MD (former Navy Hospital Corpsman)

Henry A Mayer, Jr., MD, Col. MS/SA, USA (Ret)

James D. Harris, MD, (former CPT, MC, USAR)

Laurence Rosen, MD, (former CPT, MSC, USAR)

Introduction: John A. Buesseler, MD

"Overview of Aeromedevac Evolution." Dr. John A. Buesseler, Founding Dean and Vice President Emeritus, Texas Tech Health Sciences Center

"Aeromedevac in II Corps." Dr. Henry A. Mayer, Jr., Orthopedic Surgeon, Kings Daughters Clinic, Temple, TX

"Marine Corps Corpsman." Dr. Robert L. Ordoñez, author of When I Was a Boy: One Year in Vietnam. Private Practice of Medicine, Lubbock, TX.


8:45 a.m. Session 6c: "The Entrepreneurial Archivist: A Bonanza of New, Computerized, Primary Sources for the History of the Vietnam War".

Mr. Steve Sherman, Entrepreneurial Archivist. Room 103


8:45 a.m. Session 6d: POW/MIA Room 110

Introduction: Patricia B. Hopper, Chairman, Task Force Omega, Inc.

History of the Issue; who are the missing and what does the government know about them? Historical importance; the live POW Issue. Patricia B. Hopper, Chairman Task Force Omega, Inc.

"Phoenix Program: Exploding POW/MIA Myths." Larry J. O'Daniel, Former Captain, Military Intelligence.


10:30 a.m. Session 7a: Teaching Vietnam Room 107

Introduction: Vice Admiral Emmett H. Tidd, USN (Ret)

"Teaching the Lessons of Vietnam." Ms. Lindy Poling, Millbrook H.S., Raleigh, NC. VFW National Citizenship Education Teacher of the Year

Panel Discussion of Vietnam Veteran Participation in LOV Classes Vadm. Emmett H. Tidd, Mrs. Margaret Tidd, LTC James G. Zumwalt, Ms. Mouzetta Zumwalt-Weathers, Mr. Phil Price.


10:30 a.m. Session 7b: Combat Medicine and the Aeromedivac Experience, II [This is a continuation of Session 6b, with the same panelists.]

Introduction: Dr. John A. Buesseler Room 108-9

"Aeromedevac: A View from the Ground Looking Up." Dr. James D. Harris, Surgeon, Worthington Specialty Clinic, Washington, MN.

"Flying Dustoff with the 101st in I Corps." Dr. Laurence Rosen, Anesthesiologist, Star Anesthesia, Inc., San Antonio, TX


10:30 a.m. Session 7c: ARVN Battles Room 103

Introduction: Dr. James Willbanks, US Army Command & Staff College

"'Fighting Is an Art': The ARVN Defense of Xuan Loc, April 9-21, 1975." Jay Veith, Independent Scholar

"The Viet Nam War Revisited: A View from the Other Side of the Story." Lieutenant General Lam Quang Thi, author of The 25 Year Century

"The Battle of Ban Me Thuot," Hieu H. Vu, Carrollton, Texas


10:30 a.m. Session 7d: A Return to the Beginning Room 102

Introduction: Dr. Laura L. Davis

Screening of film Breathe In, Breathe Out. Story of three Vietnam veterans' 1999 return to Vietnam with their grown children to visit the sites where they ought as young men. Followed by group discussion


Lunch Speaker: Dr. Daniel Ellsberg


1:30 p.m. Session 8a: Vietnam and China Room 107

Introduction: Dr. Larry Berman, Director, UC Washington Center

"Washington Deterred: China and American Conduct of the Vietnam War," Dr. C. Dale Walton, Dept. of Defense & Strategic Studies, SW Missouri State University.

"Vietnam Today and Tomorrow: The Continuing Struggle with China and Its Implications for the United States." Dr. Henry J. Kenny, Center for Naval Analyses.


1:30 p.m. Session 8b: Provision of "In-Country" Medical Care Room 108-9

Introduction: Colonel James Laible, MSC, USA (Ret), Vice President, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

"RVNAF Battlefield Casualty Treatment." Dr. Tran Phieu, former Surgeon General, South Vietnamese Navy

"Care of the Wounded in Vietnam." Dr. (Brigadier General) Robert M. Hardaway, MD, Professor of Surgery Emeritus, TTU El Paso.

"Life-Savers Then . . . Care Givers Now." Dr. Kenneth Harbert, Ph.D., CHES, PA-C, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

"Long-term Medical Care in the United States." Dr. (Brigadier General) Daryl H. Powell, MD, Chief of Staff, VA Hospital, Big Spring, TX


1:30 p.m. Session 8c: The War and Internal Struggle Room 103

Introduction: Dr. James R. Reckner, Texas Tech University

"Under Fire: LBJ, Artists and the Vietnam War." Dr. Joan Seeman Robinson

"Utahans and the Indochina Wars: A Case Study in Internal Conflict." Walter Jones, University of Utah


1:30 p.m. Session 8d: Ethnic Minorities Room 110

Introduction: Dr. Ronald B. Frankum

"Citizen Anthropologist/Military Advisor: Doing Ethnographic Fieldwork in Vietnam's Central Highlands during the Second Indochina War." Neil H. Olsen, Independent Scholar, Salt Lake City

"Religious Roots of the 2001 Ethnic Minorities Uprising in Vietnam's Central Highlands." Dr. James Lewis, Wheaton [IL] College


3:15 p.m. Session 9a: March 1969: Mid-Point of the War: A Case Study Based on the Records of the National Archive and Records Administration (NARA) Room 107

Introduction: Jeannine S. Swift, Archivist, US National Archives

Jeannine S. Swift, Rich Boylan, Cliff Snyder, all Archivists in Modern Military Record will discuss Vietnam-related holdings in the National Archives, using mid-March 1969 as a case study.


3:15 p.m. Session 9b: Battle Site Medical Care: A North Vietnamese View

Introduction :LTC James G. Zumwalt Room 108-9

"North Vietnamese Medical Care during the War." James G. Zumwalt, Independent Researcher

"Some Personal Experiences on Medical Treatment during the Vietnam War." Dr. Tran Huu Thang, Vice President, Vietnam General Association of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hanoi

"An Appraisal of the Incidence of War Trauma PTSD Among Vietnamese in the North and South as Well as Those Who Emigrated to the US." Dr. Lee Little Soldier & Mr. Alejandro Montañez. Texas Tech University.


3:15 p.m. Session 9c: Counting the Enemy Room 110

Introduction: Dr. James Willbanks, US Army Command & Staff College

"The Body Count: Cultural Reflections on Death and Sacrifice during the Vietnam War." Steve Maxner, Texas Tech University

"Body Count: A Tactical Mistake by the U.S. Military during the Vietnam War." Dr. Walter Wei, Academia Sinica, Taiwan

"Counting Victor Charlie: South Vietnamese and Americans Search for Agreement." Dr. Charles R. Anderson, US Army Ctr. of Mil. History


3:15 p.m. Session 9d: Linebacker II and Paris Room 103

Introduction: Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Grove City College

"An Analysis of Linebacker II Air Campaign: The Exceptional Application of US Air Force Coercion Strategy." Dr. Trong Q. Phan, Independent Researcher

"Linebacker II and the Paris Peace Agreement." Dr. Pierre Asselin, University of Hawaii

"A Review and Critique of Berman's No Peace, No Honor." Dr. Sam Hoff, Delaware State


9:00 p.m. Keynote speaker: The Honorable Al Zapanta, Chairman, Reserve Forces Policy Board, Department of Defense.

"From Vietnam to Homeland Defense" Introduced by Dr. David Schmidly, President of Texas Tech University

Saturday, 13 April

8:45 a.m. Session 10a: Vietnam: Images and Realities Room 104-5

Introduction: Dr. William Head

"News Technology: Vietnam and Afghanistan." Neal Ulevich, Photojournalist

"Good Night, God Bless, God Bless America, GN, GB. GBA: The Experience of American Prisoners of War in North Vietnam." Jenny Board, Texas Tech University


8:45 a.m. Session 10b: Higher Education in Cambodia & Vietnam Room 110

Introduction: Dr. Lee Little Soldier, Texas Tech University

"The Higher Education System in Vietnam and the US Community College Model." CDR Diane Oliver, Texas Tech University

"A Sociological Study of Stress, Coping, and Psychosocial Adjustment of Khmer University, College, and Technical Students in Modern Cambodia." Dr. Leakhena Nou, University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign


8:45 a.m. Session 10c: The War in the Villages Room 111-2

Introduction: Dr. John Gates, Wooster College

"The Use of the British Village Resettlement Model in Malaya and Vietnam." Mr. Curtis Peoples, Vietnam Archive, Texas Tech Univ.

"Viet Cong Leaflets as Propaganda." Mr. Bob Horton, The Vietnam Center, Texas Tech University


8:45 a.m. Session 10d: Operation Babylift Room 103

Introduction: Shirley Barnes


Ross Meador, FCVN's Field Director in April, 1975

Ken Healy, pilot of the first Babylift flight

Shirley Barnes, author of the award-winning Babylift book, "The War Cradle."

Lana Noone, mom and Babylift activist


10:30 a.m. Session 11a: Why the North Won the Vietnam War Room 104-5

Introduction: Dr. William Head, Chief Historian, Warner Robins Air Force Base

"Why Who Won and Why It Still Matters," Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Grove City College

The Cost of Losing the 'Other War' In Vietnam," Dr. Marc Jason Gilbert, North Georgia College & State University.

"The Pearl Harbor Analogy Considered." Dr. T. Chris Jespersen, North Georgia State University


10:30 a.m. Session 11b: "Humanitarian Efforts in Southeast Asia." Room 108-9

Introduction: Mr. Chuck Ward, Vets With a Mission


Mr. Chuck Ward

Mr. Bill Prevette, Mission of Mercy

Mr. Imbert Matthee, Clear Path International


10:30 a.m. Session 11c: Protest & Activism Room 103

Introduction: Dr. David Snead, Texas Tech University

"Bring the War Home," Barry Willdorf, Lawyer and author

"Hanoi Jane." Dr. Carol Burke, Vanderbilt University


10:30 a.m. Session 11d: US & 3rd Country Operations Room 111-12

Introduction: Dr. Ronald B. Frankum, Texas Tech University

"MACV, II Field Force, and the 1970 Cambodian Incursion." LTC John Shaw, Ph.D., USA, USAF Academy

"ROK & the USA: The Vietnam War Experience of American and South Korean Soldiers." Dr. John Ernst, Morehead State University.


Lunch Performance: Play Portraying Cambodian Life. Sreymom Serey, University of Washington (Seattle)


1:30 p.m. Session 12a: Military Aspects Room 108-9

Introduction: Dr. Donald R. Walker, Texas Tech University

"ABC. . . Tet: The Tet Offensive of 1968 as Interpreted by US College- level History Texts." Erik A. Smith, Texas Tech University

"Leadership when the Heat's Off: Rethinking the US Army Air Defense Artillery's Role in Vietnam," LTC John N. Davis, USAR, Texas Tech University

"Why We Volunteered: The Motivations Behind American Men's Decision to Volunteer for Military Service during the Vietnam Era, 1965-1973." Henriette von Irgens-Bergh, Independent Researcher, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


1:30 p.m. Session 12b: Vietnam War Literature Room 110

Introduction: Dr. David Snead, Texas Tech University

"Images of the Viet Cong in Vietnamese-American Literature and Culture." Dr. Yuan Shu, Texas Tech University

"Telling the Stories of the Vietnam War through Literature: Quan Loi, a Short Story." Prof. Larry K. Burke, Dodge City (KS) Community College


1:30 p.m. Session 12c: The 1964-65 Offensive Room 104-5

Introduction: Dr. James Willbanks, US Army Command & Staff Institute

"Hanoi's Strategic Surprise, 1964-1965." Mark Moyar, Cambridge University.

"The Enemy Summer Monsoon Offensive in the II Corps Highlands- 1965," Brigadier General Ted Mataxis, USA (Ret). American Military University.


1:30 p.m. Session 12d: RVN Armed Forces Issues Room 111-2

Introduction: Dr. James R. Reckner, Texas Tech University

"Why Did Vietnamization of the Vietnam War Fail?" Mr. Tin Nguyen. Author of Major General Nguyen Van Hieu, ARVN, and Webmaster of generalhieu.com

"Political Warfare in the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces." Michael Do, B.A., B.S, M.S., ex-Captain, VNAF, President of the Vietnamese Veterans Association of Austin, Texas


3:00 p.m. Plenary session 13: Summary Discussion & Future Recommendations

Dr. James Reckner, Vietnam Center Exhibit Hall

The views and opinions expressed in these papers are strickly those of the paper authors. The contents of the pages have not been reviewed, endorsed, or approved by Texas Tech.

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